Skip to content

Homework Help Romans

 

The Roman army was made up of groups of soldiers called legions. There were over 5,000 soldiers in a legion. Each legion had its own number, name, badge and fortress. There were about 30 legions around the Roman Empire, three of which were based in Britain at Caerleon, Chester and York.

Tombstones at Chester indicate that some men joined the legions young; two men had been only fourteen when they had joined up.

A legion had commanders, officers and ordinary soldiers. There were also doctors, engineers and other workers

The different sections of a Legion

The Roman army was divided into legions of about 5,000 men.

Contubernium: consisted of 8 men.

Centuria: (century) was made up of 10 contubernium with a total of 80 men commanded by a centurion.

Cohorts: (cohort) included 6 centurie, a total of 480 men.

Legio: (Legion) consisted of 10 cohorts, about 5,000 men.

Eques Legionis: Each legio had a cavarly unit of 120 attached to them.

Contubernium (8 men) >Centuria (80 men) >Cohort (480 men) > Legio (5,000 men)

The smallest unit of the Roman legion was the contubernium (tent group) of eight men. They marched, fought, worked and camped together.


The 'section' (eight men) - the basic unit of the legion

In barracks, these eight men shared two rooms. On a march they shared a leather tent and a mule to carry it.


A leather tentfor a Contubernium


On a march the Romans lived in tents

Contubernium (8 men) >Centuria (80 men) >Cohort (480 men) > Legio (5,000 men)

 

The Romans spoke and wrote Latin.

Roman families were big because sons lived with their parents even after marriage. A typical Roman family consited of father, mother, children, married sons with their family and slaves.

The father was the most important member of the family.

Find out more here

Find out more here

Find out more

Most children did not go to school.

Schools were not free in Roman times, parents had to pay for their children to have a tutor or teacher. The poor Romans couldn't afford to educate their children so the boys learned a trade from their fathers and the girls learned household skills such as sewing and cooking from their mothers.

Schools were built in towns and there were not many of them, so many wealthy parents employed a slave, who was well educated, to teach their sons. The slave was called a pedagogue.

Both boys and girls went to school from ages 6-12.
Lessons began at dawn and were finished by early afternoon.

They learnt to read and write Latin.

The Romans did not have school books, instead they wrote on wax tablets using a pointed metal stylus . If they made a mistake, all they had to do was smooth the wax flat with the opposite end of the stylus.

Find out more here

Find out more here