Skip to content

Terrorism In Canada Essays

United Nations, International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings
http://www.undcp.org/terrorism_convention_terrorist_bombing.html
U.N. Doc. A/52/653 (25 November 1997); entered into force 23 May 2001, signed 12 Jan 1998 but not yet ratified by Canada. See articles 1 and 2 for definition of place, nature, and type of offences at Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 14 December 1973, entered into force 20 February 1977. Canada a party signing and ratifying, 26 Jun 1974 and 4 Aug 1976 respectively. See article 2 in the text for a definition of crimes.

International Convention against the Taking of Hostages
http://www.undcp.org/terrorism_convention_hostages.html
adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 17 December 1979, entered into force 3 June 1983, signed and ratified by Canada 18 Feb 1980 and 4 Dec 1985 respectively.

International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism
http://www.undcp.org/resolution_2000-02-25_1.html
adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 9 December 1999 (not yet in force); signed 10 Feb 2000 by Canada but not yet ratified.

Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft
done at The Hague on 16 December 1970
http://www.undcp.org/terrorism_convention_aircraft_seizure.html

Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation
done at Montreal on 23 September 1971
http://www.undcp.org/terrorism_convention_civil_aviation.html

Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation
done at Montreal on 24 February 1988
http://www.undcp.org/terrorism_convention_airports.html

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents
adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 14 December 1973
http://www.undcp.org/terrorism_convention_protected_persons.html

Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
adopted at Vienna on 3 March 1980
http://www.undcp.org/terrorism_convention_nuclear_material.html

Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation
done at Rome on 10 March 1988http://www.undcp.org/terrorism_convention_maritime_navigation.html

Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms located on the Continental Shelf
done at Rome on 10 March 1988
http://www.undcp.org/terrorism_convention_platforms.html

Canada

Canada’s Department of International Trade and Foreign Affairs has collected several older treaties at its site on terrorism at
http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/english/foreignp/treaties-e.htm
and is updating the site at
http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/english/foreignp/terrorism/anti-t1e.htm .

Terrorism in Canada: Air India Flight 182 Disaster

  • :: 2 Works Cited
  • Length: 908 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - More ↓
Terrorism in Canada: Air India Flight 182 Disaster


The Air India disaster occurred on July 22nd, 1985. It is believed to be the most serious terrorist act that has ever taken place in Canada, claiming the lives of over three hundred people, most of them Canadian. To the present day, the bombings remain a mystery, with only one person charged in connection with the crime. Almost 15 years after flight 182 plummeted into the Atlantic off the coast of Ireland it continues to be investigated by authorities throughout the world, including the RCMP and CSIS in Canada.

Sometime in mid-June of 1985, a man with a slight east-Asian accent called the Canadian Airlines international reservations desk in Vancouver, and after a number of inquiries, booked tickets for two flights departing from Vancouver on July 22nd. The first was booked to Narita, Japan in the name of L. Singh, the second, from Vancouver to Toronto, where the passenger M. Singh would transfer to Air India flight 182 to New Dehli, India.

A man described as "A bearded Indian male wearing a mustard colored turban ," (www.airindia.istar.ca) paid for both tickets in person, in cash, a few days later. For both lights, luggage was checked under the names of both passengers, but neither party boarded their respective flights.

Canadian Airlines flight 003 to Narita, Japan arrived at its destination without incident. However, at 7:13 London time, a suitcase exploded while being unloaded from the plane, killing two baggage handlers and injuring others. The luggage for M. Singh was transferred in Toronto to the Air India flight. At 8:13 London time, the pilot radioed that everything was normal as the plane started it's descent into London's Heathrow Airport. Moments later, the plane exploded, and crashed from an altitude of 31,000 feet into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Ireland. Following the crash, an unprecedented salvage operation took place, in which jet wreckage was recovered from ocean depths that had been previously unexplored. The investigation of the crash revealed the following:

¨ the black box recorded a thud, muffled bang and a faint shriek.
¨ the pilot tried to send a distress call while he desperately attempted to gain control of the aircraft.
¨ fan blades on the engines were not bent indicating the engines were not running when the plane hit the water.
¨ One hundred and thirty-one bodies were recovered from the crash site.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Terrorism in Canada: Air India Flight 182 Disaster." 123HelpMe.com. 11 Mar 2018
    <http://www.123HelpMe.com/view.asp?id=26335>.

LengthColor Rating 
Canada's Fight Against Terrorism Essay - The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines terrorism as “the use of violent acts to frighten the people in an area as a way of trying to achieve a political goal” (“Terrorism”). Terrorism is a problem that all countries should be concerned with. Canada has been one of the countries that are concerned with the safety of people against terrorist attacks. Canada is very concerned with the issue of terrorism, it has a very specific position of counter-terrorism, it believes that violent extremists are the leading cause of terrorism, it has ways that the international community should respond, and it is willing to contribute to make the problem of terrorism end....   [tags: Terrorism in Canada]
:: 3 Works Cited
1054 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
Review of the Inquiry of Air India Flight 182: A Canadian Tragedy Essay - ... The commission goal was to examine how Canada can become better prepared for aviation terrorism and to recommend security measures for defending against aviation terrorism. The final subject on the commission’s mandate was evaluates Canada’s legal agenda in relation to policies against terrorist funding (CIIBAIF 182, 2010). Methods The inquiry used the Rules of Procedure and Practice. The commission issued granting 18 applications of standings that were divided into two types of standings: Party Standing and Intervenor Standing....   [tags: terrorist, bomb, procedures]1528 words
(4.4 pages)
Term Papers[preview]
Discussion of Terrorism Essay - Discussion of Terrorism Terrorism, as defined by Title 22 of the United States code, section 2656f(d), is the "pre-meditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence and audience." Islamic terrorism is a serious problem for the United States because of the threat to national security, innocent civilians, and the foundations of democratic societies throughout the world....   [tags: Papers]2337 words
(6.7 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
Essay on Political Violence - Political violence is the leading cause of wars today. Personal agendas have led to many of the political objectives that cause violence today this has caused many problems throughout the world and will continue to do so until a solution to this issue is found. Political objectives have been advanced involuntarily dependent upon the kind of government a nation exercises. For instance, in a democratic nation political groups must worry about convincing the majority in order to advance ethically. Those who try to influence the majority through acts of violence are considered today as “terror” organizations....   [tags: Terrorism]
:: 7 Works Cited
2055 words
(5.9 pages)
Term Papers[preview]
Non-Stop Movie Review: A Ticking Timebomb 40,000 Feet in the Air Essay - Non-Stop Terror, A ticking time bomb 40,000ft in the air. Making a film about the USA’s most feared terrorist attack and someone trying to prevent it, yea that sounds like a suspenseful two hours. Non-Stop, a suspenseful nonstop thriller witch is absolutely successful in providing an atmosphere of utmost distress and uncertainty. Liam Neeson is the perfect actor for this film; he is great at providing a sense of authority and the “wise man” attitude for any situation. Non-Stop is the perfect title and emphasizes the non-stop terror and calamity portrayed in a commercial airline 40,000ft....   [tags: terrorist, flight, suspense]
:: 1 Works Cited
770 words
(2.2 pages)
Good Essays[preview]
Air Canada's Strategy Plan Suggestions Essay - https://www.aircanada.com/en/about/investor/documents/2012_MDA_q4.pdf STRATEGY Air Canada continues to build strong strategic plan in order to strengthen their competitive position in the market and fulfill the vision of its stakeholders, shareholders, customers and employees. They should adopt the following strategies in order to optimize their business: • Cost transformation and Revenue Enhancement • International expansion and connecting traffic • Engagement with customers • Foster positive change to its culture Cost transformation and Revenue Enhancement Air Canada should pursue revenue generating and cost reducing opportunities by investing in new technology, implementing effective and...   [tags: cost, customers, risk]1190 words
(3.4 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
Essay about Airline Terrorism Before 9/11 and Today - This paper describes our nation and the worlds mindset about airline terrorism before 9/11 and airline terrorism today. This remains a very real and deadly subject even though we don’t have as many incidents occurring at this moment in time. Still the potential for countless lives being lost in an aircraft accident from the actions of a terrorist or terrorist organization is still very real and innocent families across this nation and abroad remain the targets. Additionally, it will show that the security measures in place at airports prior to 9/11 were far less adequate, than today, and personnel responsible for airport security at the gates and throughout were either poorly trained or not...   [tags: Terrorism ]
:: 3 Works Cited
2412 words
(6.9 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
Free Flight Essay - First, free flight can be defined as “a concept for safe and efficient flight operating capability under IFR in which pilots have the freedom to select their own path and speed in real time” (Wells and Young, p.168). Free flight takes away control from the air traffic control center and allows the pilots to determine for themselves what path and rate of speed is best for their flight. The development of this process would include the transition from air traffic control into air traffic management....   [tags: Air Traffic Control, Airport Planning]
:: 2 Works Cited
430 words
(1.2 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
War of Terroism Essay - In liberal democracies, most political acts are indeed legal, yet some instead decide on another way of influencing political decisions. Terrorism, is a seemly violent method intravenously employed by marginal groups to gain the focus of others on their case. Dyck defines terrorism as “the threat or use of violence, usually directed at civilian populations, in order to create some form of political change” (Dyck 401). The acts of terrorism that took place in the United States on September 11, 2001 are a powerful mementoes of how some choose to engage in violence in order to make a political statement....   [tags: Terrorism ]
:: 4 Works Cited
1808 words
(5.2 pages)
Term Papers[preview]
The Beginning Of Flight Essay - The Beginning of Flight In the early 1900's, Wilbur and Orville Wright had a vision to one day fly. In 1903 they reached their goal in the sand dunes of North Carolina. Wilbur Wright was born on April 16, 1867, in Millville Indiana. His brother, Orville Wright was born on August 19, 1871, in Dayton, Ohio. Wilbur and Orville owned a bike shopped, and produced bikes. Along with making bicycles Wilbur had a dream of building a full size flying machine. Wilbur once said that he had been "afflicted with the belief that flight is possible." There obsession over flight drove them to make a breakthrough, a world changing event....   [tags: Flying Airpline Air Travel]1033 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]

Related Searches

Flight         Disaster         India         Canada         Terrorism         Singh         Vancouver         Desk         Toronto         Altitude        




Pathologists report some people survived the blast and the crash, only to drown once the plane was in the water.
¨ The remaining bodies still lay in their watery grave.
¨ Experts in the field of aviation from around the world have concluded the crash was caused by a bomb.
¨ Salvage operations of unprecedented proportions at depths not previously achieved were undertaken. Numerous pieces of evidence were returned to the surface.
¨ Experts from around the world concluded that a bomb caused the mid-air explosion and subsequent explosion. 329 people died in the crash (156 Canadians). (www.airindia.istar.ca)

The crash initiated an investigation by the RCMP and CSIS in Canada which is still ongoing. On March 11, 1999, the RCMP announced that it had spent $26 million on the Air India probe (Globe and Mail, Jan 26, 2000). The only person charged in connection with either explosion was Inderjit Singh Reyat. He was charge by the RCMP for his involvement in the deaths of the two baggage handlers in Narita, Japan, and found guilty on counts of Manslaughter, making an explosive substance with intent to cause an explosion, and possession of explosives. He was sentenced to 10 years in prison and subject to a firearms prohibition (www.airindia.istar.ca).

Despite the lack of charges laid, the RCMP has stated that they are aware of 5 persons that they believe to be involved in the Air India bombing. In 1992, Talwinder Singh Alwar, a key suspect in the bombing was killed in India (Globe and Mail, Jan 26, 2000). No charges have been laid in connection with the crime due to lack of evidence.

In the most recent development, an anonymous CSIS agent who worked on the Air India case reported to the Globe and Mail that he had destroyed videotaped interviews that contained key information (Globe and Mail, Jan 26, 2000). He claimed that he did not turn over the evidence to the RCMP because he did not feel they could protect his sources- whose identities he continues to protect today. The informants were members of the Sikh community in Vancouver that stepped forward to provide vital information on suspects in the bombing and others involved in the conspiracy. "In retrospect, the destruction of up to 150 hours of taped interviews and cutting loose of the informants may have prolonged the investigation by years, the agent said," and adds that ""the continued service of the informants might have shortened the probe by years," (Globe and Mail, January, 26, 2000).

The Air India crash and Narita Airport explosion are still mainly mysteries. Any information that is known has been kept secret by the RCMP and CSIS, though the recent admission by the CSIS agent of destroying evidence has renewed calls for a public inquiry into the bombing (Globe and Mail, Jan 27, 2000). A reward of $1 million has been offered to any person that can provide information leading to a conviction in connection with the case.

References

www.airindia.istar.ca

The Globe and Mail, Metro Edition, January 26, 2000.
The Globe and Mail, Metro Edition, January 27, 2000.