Skip to content

Policy Proposal Essay

The purpose of the proposal essay is to propose an idea and provide evidence or arguments to convince readers why that idea is good or bad. Consider yourself as a salesperson; your goal is to convince the customer why to buy a car, jewelry, or some product. In this case, the product is your idea and customer is the professor. If you have never worked on a proposal essay before, you might feel insecure thinking there’s no way to pull it off. Not so fast! With a few ideas and simple strategy tips, you can complete this assignment successfully. Also, you can find college essay ideas on our site!So, let’s start!

Your proposal essay should contain

In order to create a high-quality proposal essay every time, you just have to follow the simple outline that revolves around:

  • Introduction – provides background information, important details the reader should know before you move on to the other parts. The introduction has to catch the reader’s attention, make him/her want to read the paper. Let’s not forget the last sentence of the introduction accounts for a thesis statement
  • Proposal – a statement of purpose. Generally, this is a brief section that informs the reader about your actual proposal i.e. the idea you want them to adopt. Make sure this section does not contain details about how you plan to carry the proposal 
  • Plan of action – here, your job is to explain how you plan to achieve the proposal. What will you do to show your reader why your proposal is valid? Basically, this is the section where you have to convince the reader to agree with your ideas. For every plan of action or evidence, use a separate paragraph 
  • Conclusion – summarize key points in a conclusion and include call-to-action, if applicable. Make sure you don’t include new information into conclusion because you would have to elaborate it thoroughly, and there’s no room for that in a paragraph-length section

Tips for proposal essay

  • Carry out a thorough research in order to find as many details as possible 
  • Support all your claims i.e. ideas with evidence
  • Use only relevant sources, avoid blog posts and websites that aren’t credible 
  • Cite all the sources you use to avoid plagiarism 
  • Demonstrate your vocabulary skills and avoid overusing some words 
  • Avoid slang and informal speech 
  • Instead of including a bunch of ideas that are poorly discussed, stick to 3-5 ideas that you will develop thoroughly 

But, what happens when a professor allows you to choose the title for proposal essay? What to do then? 
Not to worry, you’ll find some amazing ideas below. 

Proposal essay ideas

  • Bread and circus culture versus traditional family values
  • Can antidepressant use enhance suicidal behaviors? Should it be limited or banned?
  • Different things parents can do to ensure their child treats others with respect
  • Does espionage law violate free speech? Should it be banned or improved?
  • How can be kids persuaded not to experiment with drugs?
  • How can educational television shows about science receive more funding and air time?
  • How can kids with divorced parents be counseled to do well in school, build successful lives and marriages and have strong relationships?
  • How can parents and teachers effectively help eliminate cyber-bullying?
  • How can parents encourage their children to do more extracurricular activities?
  • How can parents help children avoid or deal with bullying in school?
  • How can parents make sure their children adopt healthy life values? 
  • How can parents protect their children from peer pressure?
  • How can parents raise their children to have a sense of humility as opposed to entitlement?
  • How can parents, teachers, and society at large encourage more children to pursue an education in science?
  • How can people reduce their dependence on technology?
  • How can teachers improve sex education courses?
  • How can teachers spot signs of bullying in their classes
  • How can the country ensure adequate healthcare coverage for all its citizens without the exceptions?
  • How can the government better handle illegal immigration?
  • How can the government make programs such as welfare, Medicaid, and Social Security more effective?
  • How can the government or society as a whole reduce homelessness in the United States?
  • How can the government reduce the rates of discriminatory behavior toward ethnic minorities? 
  • How can we promote more tolerant behavior within US society?
  • How should children be taught about responsible Internet use?
  • How should students be graded?
  • How to protect yourself and your identity from online theft 
  • How to reduce the rates of smoking among adolescents? 
  • How to support local businesses and prevent them from being destroyed by huge chains 
  • In what ways can companies and consumers keep sensitive information more secure online?
  • In what ways can we reduce childhood obesity?
  • In what ways can foreign language courses be improved?
  • Lack of tolerance leads to erratic, racist, and fascistic behavior. Different measures to put a stop to those actions 
  • Measures to take in order to provide better conditions for US veterans 
  • Risky behaviors are celebrated while morality is considered outdated and unacceptable. How to change things around? 
  • Should all prisoners have voting rights or only individual on probation and those who have already served their sentences?
  • Should animal exploitation by dairy and meat industries be banned? Is veganism only way to protect animal rights?
  • Should college athletes be paid? How can colleges better handle the combination of education, athletes, and business?
  • Should dog bite laws be more specific? For example, should pit bulls be banned, or more attention should be paid to the education of dog owners instead?
  • Should people buy so many things using credit? What can be done to handle the culture of debt?
  • Should the customer have the right to report mistreatment of companies lying to consumers?
  • So many experts, so much bad behavior among children these days. Measures to take in order to turn things around
  • The best way to teach children responsibility 
  • The current student grading system is flawed, but it can be fixed with these methods
  • The most successful inventors were known as wrong-thinkers at schools. Later they were acknowledged as risk-taking pioneers. So should a teacher give students the chance of failing and learn by making mistakes?
  • The risks of birth defects are significantly higher in test-tube babies. Should couples adopt children instead of having in-vitro fertilization?
  • To change the world you have to change yourself. What can you do to help the environment?
  • What are the measures to reduce alcohol use among adolescents? 
  • What are the solutions to the erosion of trust contribution to the decline of the American business sector?
  • What can be done about the decline of morality in media? 
  • What can be done for obsolete lifestyles?
  • What can be done to create a more well-rounded curriculum for middle and high school students?
  • What can be done to improve student’s reading comprehension instead calling words aloud without understanding them?
  • What can be done to prevent other countries and parties from interfering in the US elections? 
  • What can be done to solve the giant problem of unemployment?
  • What can the average person do to combat global climate change? What can the government do?
  • What can we do to reduce the risk of teen pregnancies?
  • What could be done to make the electoral system more effective?
  • What improvements have to be made regarding sex education courses to decrease the rate of teen pregnancies? 
  • What initiatives should be implemented to project small businesses from economic problems?
  • What is the best way to impose and improve parental involvement in children’s education?
  • What is the best way to prevent deaths from drunk driving?
  • What is the most effective way for parents to teach their children about money?
  • What is the most effective way to discipline a child?
  • What measures to introduce in order to avoid the next economic crisis? 
  • What should be done to increase the funding for cancer research?
  • What should be done to lower the national debt?
  • What steps should be taken from restraining qualified teachers from leaving teaching profession?
  • What teachers can do to establish a balance between engaging students and letting them overtake their authority and influence among students
  • What would be an effective program to curb illegal drug use?
  • While vegans require others to respect their choices, why can’t they respect someone else’s? The strategies to help solve this issue
  • Why are foreign languages in school important for our education?

Bottom line

When writing the proposal essay, your goal is to propose a few ideas regarding a certain topic, elaborate them and convince readers to accept them. Picture yourself as a salesperson who has to convince the customer to make a purchase. Use title ideas above to practice. Also, you can read about connecting ideas in an essay! And never forget to use essay checker!
 

Elements of a Proposal Argument

Choose a problem that is important or interesting to you and propose a solution to it. Your proposal should include the following elements:

1. A claim that

  • proposes specific action, whether a change of practice or policy, to resolve a problem or need, and
  • is suitable for your audience.

2. Evidence and reasons that

  • show clearly the problem and its significance,
  • clearly relate the proposal claim to the problem or need, and
  • show that the proposal will work and resolve the problem or need.

3. A consideration of

  • other proposals, and
  • possible rebuttals to your proposal.

Consider practical problems at Kean University; your high school; your city or town; your place of work; your hobbies, etc. If you were to choose a problem or situation at Kean, for example, you might consider proposals like the following:

  • A proposal to improve the quality of advising for students in your major.
  • A proposal to improve the ESL program
  • A proposal to improve the international student exchange program.
  • A proposal to improve safety conditions in a particular building or facility.
  • A proposal to change a rule at your dormitory.

Audience

Proposals are generally addressed to someone who can do something with them, and they are accompanied by a cover letter that introduces the proposal to that specific person or persons. For example, if you were writing a policy proposal based on a social issue, you might name your senator or representative as the individual capable of taking action, but it must be the correct senator or representative for your voting district. If you feel that the senator or representative might not listen, then you might address your proposal to a specific group or organization that the senator or representative might listen to.

Some tips to help you

Find an issue that is manageable. For instance, proposing changes to the New Jersey education system requires an enormous amount of research and expertise. Instead, propose specific, small changes to the school you or your children attend. In this situation, you can talk to the people in charge, find out why something has or has not been tried, and adapt your proposal to what you find out. Because you have the opportunity to talk with your audience, you have a better chance of understanding what the problem is from their perspective and be able to make a better proposal that they will at least listen to.

Preparing to Write

Brainstorm to find a narrow, local issue which is a problem for you.

Brainstorm and research who the right audience would be for your proposal. Find someone who can implement your proposal or pass it on to someone who can do something about the problem.

Use your own research (interviews, surveys, graphs, polls) and library research. Document your sources accurately both in your text and in your bibliography. Your research should show that other problems like yours exist in the world, that people are concerned about them, that they are serious, that there are counterarguments and criticisms to your solution, and that there are solutions that can solve these problems.

General Comments
Consider the values of your audience.
Use details and vivid examples (if possible, of real incidents and your own personal experience).
Create credibility by looking at the problem objectively, not as a complainer.

Writing the proposal

The following sections explain the shape of this proposal paper and give the subtitles that you should use in your own paper.

Cover letter
This one-page letter introduces your audience to the problem, its significance, and your proposal to solve the problem. It should be addressed to a specific individual or group.

Summary
This section summarizes the problem, its background, the proposal, and justification in one paragraph.

Problem
This is a one-sentence description of the problem.

Background to the problem
This section is an introduction to the problem.
Describe the problem, its background/history, and its significance.
Convince your audience that it's a real problem and something needs to be done about it. Sometimes, a reader might initially respond by saying, "Oh, that stuff again." So you need somehow to make it personal or show how it affects the reader.
Present your proposal (thesis statement) concisely.

If some people may be skeptical, this is a good place to first insert opposing viewpoints, before continuing on with your own proposal.

Proposal
After showing a problem really exists in the introduction, you need to show your solution, one which is solvable, doable, and practical.
Explain your proposal in detail (with step-by-step specifics on how your solution works):

  • how much money it will cost,
  • who will be responsible for implementing it,
  • how easily it can be implemented,
  • how much time it will take to set it up and make it work,
  • what kinds of materials and labor are needed to make it work,
  • how it addresses the problem,
  • etc.
Use causal arguments: Show how one consequence will lead to another until the problem is solved.
Use analogy: Perhaps your solution or a similar one elsewhere is successful.
Use precedent: Perhaps your solution or a similar has been successful in the past. If a similar solution was not successful, show how your situation is different so that the solution will now work in your situation.

Justification
Give reasons for your audience to implement your proposal (other than those which relate to its being able to solve the problem by giving arguments from the heart and from values).


Show how the benefits of your solution outweigh the costs. If the costs are high, appeal to the values of the audience by showing that your proposal will lead to actions that lead to consequences that your audience values.

Summary and rebuttal of opposing views
(This section may go before the proposal and justification sections.)
Describe rebuttals to your solution, including other proposals for this problem.
Respond to each of these rebuttals.

Conclusion
Sum up the main points and state your case clearly and directly, so that your audience feels convinced to do something about the problem, preferably adopt your proposal.

Bibliography
Use either APA or MLA style for your sources, and unlike on the wiki, do not annotate them.