Essay on Human Development: Nature vs. Nurture
1393 Words6 Pages
The nature versus nurture debate is an old issue within the field of psychology.
“The nature-nurture issue is a perennial one that has resurfaced in current psychiatry as a series of debates on the role that genes (DNA) and environments play in the etiology and pathophysiology of mental disorders” (Schaffner)
The debate is essentially about what is inherited (nature) and what is experienced by environmental factors (nurture) and how they affect human development. Naturally, the nature versus nurture debate relates to many controversies such as intelligence, gender identities, violent behaviors, and sexual orientation.
There are countless studies on whether intelligence is an inherited trait or if it is influenced by environmental…show more content…
Based on these conclusions made by the study, it is acceptable to infer that there is a greater difference in intelligence that can be attributed to hereditary factors. The results also show what a drastic change that hereditary factors can impose on intelligence; I found this quite interesting as I previously thought that environmental factors would influence studying patterns and etc. Though the study was conducted in a professional manner, the theory of possessing more intelligence based on hereditary conditions would need to be researched more. There are ongoing studies on the nature-nurture and intelligence question.
Another study on intelligence has shown:
“A definite tendency for children in homes of higher socio-economic status, especially those with more highly educated parents, to make above average scores after two years of age, whereas children whose parents have less education make lower scores” (Bayley).
Based on this and the aforementioned study, we can see where controversy can occur. Both studies claim to have taken into account environmental factors, but the second study concludes that environmental factors do play a role in the development of intelligence of children. The two differing viewpoints are what cause the debate. According to Kendra Cherry, “The majority of experts believe that behavior and development are influenced by both nature and nurture…” If this were proven to be true, both
Nature vs Nurture: Genes vs Environment Essay example
555 Words3 Pages
Throughout the history of human existence, there have always been many questions that have plagued man for centuries. Some of these questions are “what is the meaning of life” or “which came first, the chicken or the egg.” Within the last 400 years a new question has surfaced and has caused an enormous controversy which takes our minds to much further levels. The controversy is whether inherited genes or the environment influences and affects our personality, intelligence, behavior, development and abilities. This controversy is most often recognized as the “Nature vs. Nurture” conflict. Some people believe that it is strictly genes that affect our ways of live and how we are, while others believe that it is the environment that affects…show more content…
For example, with little kids, they mimic what adults do, they try to be like them. Your friends/peers impact your life as well. Maybe they smoke and just to get accepted or to feel that you belong then you start smoking as well. People could influence how you act
Genie is an example that experiences are more powerful to determine a person’s life. She had been strapped to a potty chair until the age of thirteen when she was discovered by the police. Her parents, the mother who was partially blind, and the father, who was mentally retarded, ruined the majority of her life. She grew in terrible conditions and she did not have the affection that a child is suppose to get when they are growing up. She did not know how to speak and she could walk only a little bit. The conditions and the environment she lived in affected her life. Scientists tried to teach her how to speak but she could not learn anymore, they said that the time for learning had already passed. If her environment would have been different maybe she would have been a healthy girl.
Scientists often use twins to conduct their experiments. They separated many twins at birth and placed them into two totally different environments. One was given to a very poor family and the other one was given to a rich family. The twin that lived with the poor family did not get much attention when he was growing up and he grew up to be a distant