The Main Causes of World War 1 Essay
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Great War, also known as The First World War, lasted for four year (1914 to 1918). It brought a huge development of war technics and weapons. More number of countries had been involved in the Great War than any previous war. It involved the mobilization of the whole nations, not just an enormous army that turned the war into a “total war”. (Clare 6) However, historians are still arguing about the major cause of the World War I. The major cause will be one of the four long-term causes of WWI, which are Militarism, Alliance, Imperialism, and Nationalism. In my opinion, the two major causes would be Alliance and Nationalism. Alliance is an association between two or more countries for mutual benefits that formed with different treaties, while…show more content…
Bismarck’s alliance system brought peace between the European countries. (Stewart, Fitzgerald, Pickard 12) His alliance system starts with a treaty with Austria-Hungary who was one of the 5 powers in Europe. In 1879, Germany and Austria-Hungary signed the Dual Alliance, which was planned as a merely defensive arrangement or military alliance. Both governments promised that they should help or remain neutral when other powerful countries such as Russia or France attack. (Stewart, Fitzgerald, Pickard 13) The second allied country was with Italy. In 1882, Bismarck turns Dual Alliance into Triple Alliance by making Italy to join in his alliance system. Since Italy had close friendship with Great Britain, although Italy was not a strong military nation, it was an influential part of the Alliance. And at the same time, Great Britain and Germany had conflict in North Africa on colonial aspiration. Therefore, it was the perfect time to be an ally with her to isolate France. (Stewart, Fitzgerald, Pickard 14) Making Great Britain as a close friend was a benefit for Germany. Bismarck’s next target to isolate France was Russia. In 1881, the Dreikaiserbund was made a treaty, which was the agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia promising not to help the fourth power, France. However in 1884, this treaty had renewed and Russia refused to renew her membership in Dreikaiserbund. Then Bismarck discussed the Reinsurance Treaty with
World War I: Cause And Effect
"War is the unfolding of miscalculations." - Barbara Tuchman
The causes of World War I included a cultivating sense of nationalism leading to an arms race between Europe's paramount powers, all trying to establish superiority above others; militarism inaugurated to predominate across the globe. As the new kids on the block, Germany pursued the same imperialism as nations like France and Britain, with colonies stretching so far and wide that England was dubbed "the Empire on which the sun never sets." The war led to 8.5 million fatalities and the economic effects would be felt for years to come.
In the year 1914, World War 1 had erupted and several countries were tangled in the mess, however not all entered at a uniform time. Central Power, The Allies, and the Neutral Nations were what made up the three sides to the war. The Central Power encompassed Germany and Austria-Hungary, and was later fused by Bulgaria as well as the Ottoman Empire who was impartial at first then later joined. Then there was Great Britain, Russia, Belgium, Serbia, Ireland, Montenegro, and France – which consisted of The Allies. Later Portugal, Romania, Italy, and Greece joined after leaving the Neutral Nations. The Neutral Nations were consisted of Denmark, Netherlands, Switzerland, Norway, Sweden, Spain, and Albania.
World War 1 had numerous triggers for its explosion. Militarism was one of the triggers that caused World War 1. The extolment of one country’s military is what defined militarism. Many countries had this pugnaciousness idea because they imagined of war being glorious. Having people applaud them as they marched down the streets while frolicking their trumpets along with the rest of the military is what the young men fancied of. Soon enough, people realized war was not all that wholesome. The Arms Race was another thing that went along with militarism and the eruption for World War 1. The desire of several countries was to have élite armies and navies with the superlative weapons. Britain and Germany’s naval rivalry was amongst the worst completion. Britain had developed the world’s most respected navy in order to protect its cosmic overseas empire. When Germany started obtaining colonies, they began to build a stout navy also. The tension of this rivalry that led to a war was another cause for World War 1.
Imperialism was another cause for World War 1. Imperialism, as defined by Dictionary.com, is "the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies.” A major...
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