Biography – Indian Scientists – Vikram Sarabhai
Born: August 12, 1919
Died: December 31,1971
Vikram Sarabhai was the pioneering Indian scientist and was regarded as the Father of the Indian Space program. He was responsible for establishing the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in November 1947 in Ahmedabad. He worked as the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and was instrumental in the creation of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. He is considered as the greatest scientists of India and father of the Indian space program..
Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai was born in an affluent family of industrialists in Ahmedabad. He got his early education in a private school. After completing his matriculation, Vikram Sarabhai moved to Cambridge for his pursuing further college education and got the tripods degree from St. John’s College in 1940. He worked as a research scholar at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore under CV Raman. His areas of interest include solar physics and cosmic rays. He played a major role in setting up of numerous observation stations across the country. He completed his Ph.D in 1947 from Cambridge University.
Vikram Sarabhai did research on the various areas of solar and interplanetary Physics. One of the most prominent ventures of Sarabhai was the Indian program for the as it exposed him to the new vistas of space science. This has led him to form Indian National Committee for Space Research and he became chairman of the committee. Vikram Sarabhai set up the first Rocket Launching station near Thiruvananthapuram on the Arabian Coast as it is close to the Equator. On November 21, 1963, the first rocket was launched from the space station and TERLS was recognised as an international facility.
The pioneering work on space science and research done by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai earned him Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Medal in 1962 and Padma Bhushan in 1966.
Biography – Vikram SarabhaiVikram SarabhaiVikram Sarabhai Biography
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India : Renowned physicist
Born : 1919 Died : 1971
If there was any scientist, who could be credited with launching India into space age, it is Vikram Sarabhai, who made valuable contribution in this regard. His services to the country and science will always be remembered. He took Indian science to greater heights and was a top scientist. A grateful nation named the space centre after him to com-memorate his services to the country.
Sarabhai returned to India in 1939 from England after completing his education. He had mostly done research on changes in cosmic rays and atomic energy, and was awarded Ph.D. by the University of Cambridge for his research. He established a laboratory at Ahmedabad for research, in Physics. He also became the chairman of Atomic Energy Commission 1, and was mainly instrumental in the establishment and development of Atomic Energy Centre at Thumba (Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala) in 1971. He was always busy in research on space and contributed a lot in the development of medical science and aviation technology. It was because of his persistent efforts that India could launch its first space satellite Aryabhatt’.
Vikram Sarabhai was born at Ahmedabad on August 12, 1919 in a prosperous family of industrialists. By nature, he was industrious and science and mathematics were his favourite subjects. He played the same role in space programme as Dr Homi S. Bhabha had done earlier for atomic energy. He presided over the 14th session of the International Atomic Energy Commission and was awarded by India, `Dr Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize’ in 1962. He was conferred ‘Padma Shri’ in 1966 and was posthumously awarded ‘Padma Vibushan’ in 1972. He advocated the use of science for peace in international for and died of cardiac failure on December 30, 1971 in Thiruvananthapuram, where he had gone to inspect the Thumba Rocket Launching Station.