Your dissertation provides you with the opportunity to write a substantial piece of academic work on a topic of interest to you. It is your chance to produce a work of scholarship, using the academic skills you have developed. Regardless of topic, your dissertation will demonstrate the following skills:
- defining and outlining a research topic
- establishing a clear research question
- identifying the salient issues
- finding or generating the relevant information
- evaluating its reliability and validity
- weighing up the evidence on all sides of a debate
- arriving at a well-argued conclusion
- organising and presenting the results of your work critically, cogently, and coherently.
There are two major forms of dissertation:
- A piece of empirical research, conducted on a topic or issue.
- A literature-based long essay providing an analysis of a specific research question.
An Empirical Dissertation
This type of dissertation involves carrying out a piece of original research on a small scale. It entails planning a research study, collecting and analysing primary data, and presenting the results in a systematic way.
The Key Stages in Producing an Empirical Study
1. Identify a research topic within the scope of the project
2. Refine the project title and formulate your own research question. This will be by:
- reading on the topic to see what aspects have been researched;
- your observation of details of the topic in any work experience;
- reflections on this experience;
- and discussions with tutors and fellow students.
3. Determine the best research format so as to better understand the area/issue in question. This will be formed by:
- research methodologies and research methods that others have tried. This will be discovered by reading in the substantive area and focusing on how others have researched the topic;
- the nature of your topic area and what research methods are possible.
4. Formulate a research proposal within the scope of the project
5. Identify and select the location(s) where you will conduct the research, and your target group(s).
6. Consider carefully alternative groups/places you could approach in case permission is denied. Start at this stage to avoid panicking and making inappropriate choices.
7. Seek permission to access the places and groups.
8. Develop research tools and test these.
9. Further reading.
10. Refine your research tools.
11. Collect and analyse your data.
12. Review earlier reading and evaluate other research and conceptualisations in light of the data you have gathered.
13. Throughout the process, record the research progress and critical points in a research diary. This can be quite brief, but will be valuable when you write up your work.
14. As the writing process gets underway, you will need to:
- draft outlines, synopses and chapters of the dissertation & discuss these with your supervisor and others;
- discuss your findings and developing concepts with your supervisor and others;
- work with the supervisor‟s and others‟ feedback to develop and refine the draft.
Empirical Dissertation Sample. Click Here
A-Library Based Dissertation
A library-based dissertation is probably best distinguished from an empirical study by regarding it as a piece of scholarship in which the work of others is placed under close scrutiny, rather than the gathering of new, primary data directly from observation or measurement. The data of a library-based study is the work of others. However, it is potentially highly valuable and important work, especially if you wish to conduct an in-depth study of an area and review the implications for your own professional concerns.
It is not the simply the describing of work that has been carried out in an area, although this will be part of the task. Library-based studies must contain research questions that are as carefully developed as any other type of study. The work can then be placed in a defined context and a critical judgment of the work can be made regarding its value, quality and contribution to theory and practical application. You also must consider the research methods used by the original researchers and evaluate these. You may also make judgments about the validity of the results in the context of your own professional practice.
The Key Stages in a Library-Based Study
1. Identify a research topic within the scope of the project.
2. Refine the project title and formulate your own research question. As with all dissertations you must have a clear question for which you wish to find answers. This will form the basis of the contract with your supervisor.
3. Clearly identify, discuss and clarify the key concepts being investigated. To do this you must read on your topic, advised initially by your supervisor.
4. Formulate a research proposal within the scope of the project. This may take several days.
5. Review the evidence available. This will include:
- constructing sets of criteria against which to judge the materials reviewed. (at this point you should discuss your criteria with your supervisor);
- a detailed literature review of the relevant books and journal articles. Note that this can also include other relevant materials, e.g. company or government reports, market research, newspaper articles, etc.
6. Sum up. This may be an overall analysis of statistical studies or some other analysis of the total evidence available.
7. Discuss how the literature survey answers the questions that you are exploring. Weigh up the pros and cons.
8. Make recommendations for further research studies, or draw out implications for practice.
It is important that a study sort adds additional material to the data that is being discussed, such as providing a summary of the weight of evidence for and against a particular position or theory, identifying key gaps in knowledge, or providing a new perspective from which to view an issue. A library based study can provide an excellent opportunity to consider how research done in a range of contexts relates to your own eventual work context.
Library Based Dissertation Sample Click Here
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The Method of Writing Theoretical Dissertation in Seven Simple Steps!!!
Is it difficult for you to write a theoretical dissertation? Perhaps the answer would always be in affirmative until you read the following article.
But firstly you must know the literal meaning of the theoretical dissertation.
Theoretical dissertation is different from other types of dissertations in many ways. For instance Empirical dissertation is based on the secondary data, this data can be the statistics that is provided by a government or a research done earlier. Hence, it uses the data of someone else for answering the dissertation questions. However, , theoretical dissertation is different in the context.
Theoretical dissertation, as
how to write theoretical dissertation, is not easy as it appears from the name; so it's not an easy option. Perhaps as compared to theoretical dissertation which is also known as desk-based dissertation and library based dissertation, empirical dissertation is straight forward, for it only uses the secondary data for establishing the conclusion. While it restates the facts in different manner and gives the results, though the structure of theoretical dissertation or library based dissertation structure is different.
Doing a library based dissertation demands the summarized facts which adds something new in the subject. There is no monotonous repetition of the results. The approach is targeted in a way that each part is emphasized and new dimensions are found. Hence, constant evaluation is necessary for this.
The most important thing in writing a library based dissertation is to bring out a set of recommendations at the end of the dissertation. This helps in further research of the subject. The main emphasis is kept on the problems, weaknesses, biases or gaps – as a part of critical analysis – so that in future, improvements can be brought.
In the theoretical dissertation, it is important to give a complete and thorough review of the established literature. While an empirical dissertation involves only 3000 to 4000 words in review, the theoretical dissertation involves more than 9000 words in review which includes literature review, methodology and data analysis. Hence, one has to do less reading in the empirical dissertation.
How To Write A Library Based Dissertation?
While writing a library based dissertation, one must follow the steps given below after collecting the required data, although the collection of data is the prime concern of the students. But here are following seven steps that may facilitate the process of collecting data.
This step includes the selection of topic as per interest of the students and the advice of the instructor; and the research regarding that topic. However, sharing the data after research is necessary so that everyone could get an idea regarding the data. Moreover, the different aspects of the data can be understood properly as well.
This step involves the proper connection of the data with the topic. The relevant data is separated from the irrelevant and a connection is established accordingly. If the arguments are not properly arranged then it would be a tiring process for the students to manage that.
However, after checking the relevance, a logical connection is established. This logical connection is as per the topic of the dissertation. A good library based dissertation involves relevant and logical arguments.
Here, the students arebrought to their main objective of writing the dissertation. Hence, the questions raised in the arguments must be properly answered. There should be a logical arrangement of the arguments in the dissertation. The different aspects of the topic must be raised and answered theoretically.
As the arguments have been arranged in a proper way, it must be ensured that these arguments are not against any established fact or theory. They must be in line with the eminent researches.
Sometimes students contradict with their own arguments in their dissertation. Therefore care should be taken in any such case. Even there should not be any ambiguity in the arguments and they should be crystal clear in terms of the subject matter.
This step involves the proof reading of the dissertation. All the grammatical mistakes are removed and the arguments are rechecked – for appropriateness.
These seven steps conclude the library based dissertation writing. Now the printing and binding can be done in the subsequent steps. Theoretical dissertation is different from other dissertation types and it can be written in many forms – some of them are given above.